A new method based on computer vision for non-intrusive orange peel sorting
|Title||A new method based on computer vision for non-intrusive orange peel sorting|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Sabzi, S., Y. Abbaspour-Gilandeh, and J. I. Arribas|
|Conference Name||2017 56th FITCE Congress|
As it is well-known, orange peel is used for making jam and oil. For this purpose, orange samples with high peel thickness are best. In order to predict peel thickness in orange fruit, we present a system based in image features, comprising: area, eccentricity, perimeter, length/area, blue value, green value, red value, wide, contrast, texture, wide/area, wide/length, roughness, and length. A novel identification solution based on the hybrid of particle swarm optimization (PSO), genetic algorithm (GA) and artificial neural network (ANN) is proposed. In addition, principal component analysis (PCA) has been applied to reduce the number of dimensions, without much loss of information. Taguchi's robust optimization technique has been applied to determine the optimal setting for parameters of PSO, GA, and ANN. The optimal level of factors were: Number of Neuron in first layer=7, Number of Neuron in second layer=2, Maximum Iteration=400, Crossover probability=0.7, Mutation probability=0.1, and Swarm (Population) Size=200. Results for prediction of orange peel thickness based on levels that are achieved by Taguchi method were evaluated by five performance measures: the coefficient of determination (R 2 ), mean squared error (MSE), mean absolute error (MAE), sum square error (SSE), and root mean square error (RMSE), reaching values of 0.8571, 0.0123, 0.0924, 1.392, and 0.1109, respectively.