Default mode network components and its relationship with anomalous self-experiences in schizophrenia: A rs-fMRI exploratory study
|Default mode network components and its relationship with anomalous self-experiences in schizophrenia: A rs-fMRI exploratory study
|Year of Publication
|Roig-Herrero, A., Á. Planchuelo-Gómez, M. Hernández-García, R. de Luis-García, I. Fernández-Linsenbarth, R. M. Beño-Ruiz-de-la-Sierra, and V. Molina
|Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging
|Anterior cingulate cortex, Metacognition, Parahippocampal gyrus, Psychosis, functional magnetic resonance imaging
Anomalous self-experiences (ASEs) in schizophrenia have been under research for the last 20 years. However, no neuroimage studies have provided insight of the possible biological underpinning of ASEs. In this novel approach, the connectivity within the default mode network, calculated through a ROI-based analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging data, was correlated to the ASEs scores assessed by the Inventory of Psychotic-Like Anomalous Self-Experiences (IPASE) in a sample of 22 schizophrenia patients. The Pearson's correlation coefficients between IPASE scores and intrahemispheric connectivity of the parahippocampal gyrus with the isthmus cingulate cortex in both hemispheres, and right parahippocampal gyrus with the right rostral anterior cingulate cortex were positive and significant suggesting a relation between hyperactive functional connectivity and anomalous self-experiences intensity. Prior literature reported these areas to have a role in self-processing and consciousness as well as being anatomically connected. Further research with larger sample size and comparison with controls are needed to confirm the relationship of this connectivity with anomalous self-experiences.